Dense Matter in Compact Stars
by Andreas Schmitt
Publisher: arXiv 2010
Number of pages: 146
Cold and dense nuclear and/or quark matter can be found in the interior of compact stars. It is very challenging to determine the ground state and properties of this matter because of the strong-coupling nature of QCD. I give a pedagogical introduction to microscopic calculations based on phenomenological models, effective theories, and perturbative QCD. I discuss how the results of these calculations can be related to astrophysical observations to potentially rule out or confirm candidate phases of dense matter.
Home page url
Download or read it online for free here:
by P.K. Townsend - arXiv
Notes for a course taught in part III of the Cambridge University Mathematical Tripos: gravitational collapse, Schwarzschild black hole, charged black holes; rotating black holes; energy and angular momentum; black hole mechanics; Hawking radiation.
by Garrelt Mellema - Leiden University
An introduction to the field of numerical hydrodynamics. It will give you some insight in what is involved in such calculations. Numerical hydrodynamics is used in many parts of astrophysics. The applications we consider in this exercise are stellar.
by Simon C. O. Glover - arXiv
The author discusses our current understanding of the physical processes involved in the formation of Population III stars. He shows how we can identify the mass scale of the first dark matter halos to host Population III star formation.
by Gerard 't Hooft - Utrecht University
Contents: The Metric of Space and Time; Curved coordinates; A short introduction to General Relativity; Gravity; The Schwarzschild Solution; The Chandrasekhar Limit; Gravitational Collapse; The Reissner-Nordstrom Solution; Horizons; and more.